The XVI Olympic Games were celebrated in 1956 in Melbourne, Australia, although the equestrian events could not be carried out in that country due to the rules of quarantine. Because of it, they were carried out in Stockholm, Sweden. It was the first occasion, and the unique one up to now, in which same Olympic games were celebrated in different countries. Melbourne was chosen like the host above rival as Buenos Aires (Argentina), Mexico City and six cities of the United States of America.
Australia obtained the third place with 13 gold medals, 8 silver medals and 14 bronze medals.